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Gaussian processes are expressive, non-parametric statistical models that are well-suited to learn nonlinear dynamical systems. However, large-scale inference in these state space models is a challenging problem. In this paper, we propose CBF-SSM a scalable model that employs a structured variational approximation to maintain temporal correlations. In contrast to prior work, our approach applies to the important class of unstable systems, where state uncertainty grows unbounded over time. For these systems, our method contains a probabilistic, model-based backward pass that infers latent states during training. We demonstrate state-of-the-art performance in our experiments. Moreover, we show that CBF-SSM can be combined with physical models in the form of ordinary differential equations to learn a reliable model of a physical flying robotic vehicle.
Structured Variational Inference in Unstable Gaussian Process State Space Models S. Melchior, F. Berkenkamp, S. Curi, A. KrauseArXiv, 2019
Bibtex Entry:
  title = {Structured Variational Inference in Unstable Gaussian Process State Space Models},
  publisher = {ArXiv},
  author = {Melchior, Silvan and Berkenkamp, Felix and Curi, Sebastian and Krause, Andreas},
  year = {2019},
  month = {July},
  eprint = {1907.07035},
  archivePrefix = {arXiv},
  primaryClass = {cs.LG},