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Model-based reinforcement learning approaches carry the promise of being data efficient. However, due to challenges in learning dynamics models that sufficiently match the real-world dynamics, they struggle to achieve the same asymptotic performance as model-free methods. We propose Model-Based Meta-Policy-Optimization (MB-MPO), an approach that foregoes the strong reliance on accurate learned dynamics models. Using an ensemble of learned dynamic models, MB-MPO meta-learns a policy that can quickly adapt to any model in the ensemble with one policy gradient step. This steers the meta-policy towards internalizing consistent dynamics predictions among the ensemble while shifting the burden of behaving optimally w.r.t. the model discrepancies towards the adaptation step. Our experiments show that MB-MPO is more robust to model imperfections than previous model-based approaches. Finally, we demonstrate that our approach is able to match the asymptotic performance of model-free methods while requiring significantly less experience.
Model-based reinforcement learning via meta-policy optimization I. Clavera, J. Rothfuss, J. Schulman, Y. Fujita, T. Asfour, P. AbbeelIn Conference on Robotic Learning (CoRL), PMLR, 2018
Bibtex Entry:
  title={Model-based reinforcement learning via meta-policy optimization},
  author={Clavera, Ignasi and Rothfuss, Jonas and Schulman, John and Fujita, Yasuhiro and Asfour, Tamim and Abbeel, Pieter},
  journal={Conference on Robotic Learning (CoRL)},
  Month = {October},