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In many applications, one has to actively select among a set of expensive observations before making an informed decision. Often, we want to select observations which perform well when evaluated with an objective function chosen by an adversary. Examples include minimizing the maximum posterior variance in Gaussian Process regression, robust experimental design, and sensor placement for outbreak detection. In this paper, we present the Submodular Saturation algorithm, a simple and efficient algorithm with strong theoretical approximation guarantees for the case where the possible objective functions exhibit submodularity, an intuitive diminishing returns property. Moreover, we prove that better approximation algorithms do not exist unless NP-complete problems admit efficient algorithms. We evaluate our algorithm on several real-world problems. For Gaussian Process regression, our algorithm compares favorably with state-of-the-art heuristics described in the geostatistics literature, while being simpler, faster and providing theoretical guarantees. For robust experimental design, our algorithm performs favorably compared to SDP-based algorithms.
Selecting Observations Against Adversarial Objectives A. Krause, B. McMahan, C. Guestrin, A. GuptaIn Proc. Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), 2007
Bibtex Entry:
	Address = {Vancouver, Canada},
	Author = {Andreas Krause and Brendan McMahan and Carlos Guestrin and Anupam Gupta},
	Booktitle = {Proc. Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS)},
	Month = {December},
	Title = {Selecting Observations Against Adversarial Objectives},
	Year = {2007}}