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We propose principled Gaussian processes (GPs) for modeling functions defined over the edge set of a simplicial 2-complex, a structure similar to a graph in which edges may form triangular faces. This approach is intended for learning flow-type data on networks where edge flows can be characterized by the discrete divergence and curl. Drawing upon the Hodge decomposition, we first develop classes of divergence-free and curl-free edge GPs, suitable for various applications. We then combine them to create Hodge-compositional edge GPs that are expressive enough to represent any edge function. These GPs facilitate direct and independent learning for the different Hodge components of edge functions, enabling us to capture their relevance during hyperparameter optimization. To highlight their practical potential, we apply them for flow data inference in currency exchange, ocean currents and water supply networks, comparing them to alternative models.
Hodge-Compositional Edge Gaussian Processes M. Yang, V. Borovitskiy, E. IsufiIn International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics (AISTATS), 2024
Bibtex Entry:
  title={{Hodge}-Compositional Edge {Gaussian} Processes},
  author={Yang, Maosheng and Borovitskiy, Viacheslav and Isufi, Elvin},
  booktitle={International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics (AISTATS)},